UN Women deployed Siobhan Hobbs to the role of gender adviser for the International Commission of Inquiry of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). This was the first Commission to have a gender adviser from the beginning of the mandate to the completion of its report in March 2014, the findings of which shed light on previously unknown gender based violence in the DPRK and highlighted the interrelationship between sexual and gender-based violations and violations of economic and social rights.
Download a summary of the gender-related findings of the Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
During her visit to the AP R2P Centre Siobhan presented on the gender-related findings and recommendations of the Commission of Inquiry on the DPRK as well as commissions of inquiry and gender justice more generally.
Commissions of inquiry are increasingly viewed as effective tools to draw out facts necessary for understanding the nature and dynamics of mass atrocities. These inquiries have encouraged national authorities to take action and are laying the groundwork for prosecutions. They also make recommendations on a range of broader non-judicial measures. The findings (and recommendations) of commissions of inquiry into ongoing mass atrocities can assist in the design and forms of R2P pillar II assistance. With the support of dedicated investigative capacity, commissions of inquiry have proven to be essential in establishing the use of sexual violence as a tactic of war. In 2011, the UN Secretary-General requested UN Women to ensure that all international commissions of inquiry, truth commissions or other justice processes include specific capacity for the proper investigation and documentation of sexual and gender based violence as international crimes.