Resources

Below you can find key documents relating to the R2P principle.

Core R2P Documents

The Responsibility to Protect

In 2001, the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) published a report (PDF, 3.76MB) detailing their research into the problem of humanitarian intervention. Since the end of the Cold War, the right to intervene and the challenge it posed to state sovereignty became a challenging issue for policy makers to grapple with, especially when that intervention involved military action. The ICISS came to the conclusion that to avoid atrocity crimes being committed against populations, a 'responsibility to protect' such populations lay first and foremost with the state in which that population resided. Yet it also fell to the wider international community to bear that responsibility if a state was unwilling or unable to do so itself. This initial report would then be built upon until it developed into an international norm and was subsequently adopted at the World Summit in 2005. 

2005 World Summit Outcome

In 2005 at the UN headquarters in New York City, heads of state and government affirmed their commitment to the R2P principle. In the Outcome document (PDF, 216KB), state parties also recognised the need for the General Assembly to continue considering the implications of R2P and reaffirmed support for the mission of the Special Advisor of the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide.

Implementing the Responsibility to Protect

In 2009, following the 2005 World Summit Ban Ki-Moon, the UN Secretary-General at the time, released a report entitled 'Implementing the responsibility to protect' (PDF, 148KB) to advance the agenda put forward at the Summit. The R2P principle was separated into three 'pillars' and further ideas were given for policy makers to operationalise it further in the future. 

Framework of Analysis for Atrocity Crimes: A Tool for Prevention

The Framework of Analysis for Atrocity Crimes (PDF, 4.22MB) was developed in 2014 by the UN Special Advisors on the Prevention of Genocide and on the Responsibility to Protect to be used as a guide in assessing the risks of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity occurring. The Centre has used this guide in developing its Baseline Assessments and Risk Assessments for countries within the Asia Pacific region. It has also begun informal translations of it into languages within the region to better facilitate policy formulation.

 

Statements and key documents relating to R2P in the Asia Pacific region.

Representatives from the Centre have participated in the UN's Interactive Dialogues on R2P and given statements relating to R2P within the Asia Pacific:

Statement by the Centre's Regional Director during the UN General Assembly Interactive Dialogue, 2016 (PDF, 140 KB).

Statement by the Centre's Director during the UN General Assembly Interactive Dialogue, 2015 (PDF, 263KB).

Statement by the Centre's Director during the UN General Assembly Interactive Dialogue, 2014 (PDF, 62KB).

The following report provides a summary of the adoption of the Rome Statute in the Asia Pacific, the treaty establishing the authority of the International Criminal Court which investigates atrocity crimes. This report was prepared in 2017 by Angus Fraser whilst undertaking an internship at APR2P. His internship was supported by the Centre's Director, Prof. Alex Bellamy.

The Rome Statute in the Asia Pacific, 2017 (PDF, 2.3MB).

The report below details how the R2P principle affects actors and institutions within the Asia Pacific and give recommendations on how the principle could be more widely adopted in the region.

Final Report of the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) Study Group on R2P, 2011 (PDF, 398KB).

The following two reports published by the Centre in 2009 provide a snapshot of R2P in the Asia Pacific region and the extent to which it affects individual countries. They also illustrate challenges in engagement with and implementation of the principle following the 2005 World Summit. 

Implementing the Responsibility to Protect: Asia-Pacific in the 2009 General Assembly Dialogue (PDF, 584KB).

The Responsibility to Protect in Southeast Asia (PDF, 734KB).

Translated R2P Documents

In an effort to make atrocity prevention strategies more accessible to communities in the Asia Pacific, the Centre commissions and collates informal translations of documents relating to R2P in regional languages. The accessible translations include:

  • The Framework of Analysis for Atrocity Crimes: A Tool for Prevention;
  • The 'R2P Primer' (PDF, 517KB): a document produced by the Centre specifically for countries in the Asia Pacific region;
  • Toolkit on the Responsibility to Protect (PDF, 8.6MB): produced by the International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect (ICRtoP) and approved for translation after being updated by the Centre in 2014;
  • Resolution on Enforcing the Responsibility to Protect (PDF, 48KB): adopted at the 128th Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. 

If you come across additional resources on R2P in regional languages or have specific requests for translation, please email r2pinfo@uq.edu.au.

Bahasa Indonesia

Khmer

Mandarin

Vietnamese

Thai